If it may be said of the slavery era that the white man took the world and gave the Negro Jesus, then it may be said of the Reconstruction era that the southern aristocracy took the world and gave the poor white man Jim Crow.
The plantation owners survived the end of slavery, retaining their strong sense of superiority over every one else. But what to do for poor whites? Martin Luther King suggested that they would share in that aura of superiority via Jim Crow laws designed to keep black people in their place and separately unequal.
That shameful legacy lives on across America.